Both made mention of claims often made that there are many stories that predate Jesus but have striking parallels. I decided to follow up on these claims and see what kind of information was out there to substantiate these assertions. I found several websites run by Christians who obviously disputed all claims of any parallels to the life of Jesus.
History of Christianity Early Church and ecumenical councils Main articles: EphesusAsia Minor. The Monastery of St.
Matthewlocated atop Mount Alfaf in northern Iraqis recognized as one of the oldest Christian monasteries in existence. Other religious influences of early Christianity are Zoroastrianism and Gnosticism.
According to the New TestamentChristians were from the beginning subject to persecution by some Jewish and Roman religious authorities. This involved punishments, including death, for Christians such as Stephen [Acts 7: From the yearChristian teachers began to produce theological and apologetic works aimed at defending the faith.
These authors are known as the Church Fathersand study of them is called patristics. It penetrated into the country from at least the third century but may have been present even earlier.
At that point, Christianity was still a minority belief comprising perhaps only five percent of the Roman population. Mark the Evangelist is claimed to have started the Church of Alexandria in about AD 43; various later churches and denominations claim this as their own legacy including the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria.
In terms of prosperity and cultural life, the Byzantine Empire was one of the peaks in Christian history and Christian civilization and Constantinople remained the leading city of the Christian world in size, wealth and culture.
While Arianists instituted the death penalty for practicing pagans see Massacre of Verden as examplewhat would later become Catholicism also spread among the Hungariansthe Germanic the Celticthe Baltic and some Slavic peoples. Christianity has been an important part of the shaping of Western civilizationat least since the 4th century.
Benedict set out his Monastic Ruleestablishing a system of regulations for the foundation and running of monasteries. In the 7th century Muslims conquered Syria including JerusalemNorth Africa and Spain, converting some of the Christian population to Islamand placing the rest under a separate legal status.
Part of the Muslims' success was due to the exhaustion of the Byzantine Empire in its decades long conflict with Persia.
Pope Gregory the Great dramatically reformed ecclesiastical structure and administration.
The Second Ecumenical Council of Nicaea finally pronounced in favor of icons. The traditional medieval universities —evolved from Catholic and Protestant church schools—then established specialized academic structures for properly educating greater numbers of students as professionals.
The two principal mendicant movements were the Franciscans  and the Dominicans  founded by St. Both orders made significant contributions to the development of the great universities of Europe.
Another new order were the Cistercianswhose large isolated monasteries spearheaded the settlement of former wilderness areas. In this period church building and ecclesiastical architecture reached new heights, culminating in the orders of Romanesque and Gothic architecture and the building of the great European cathedrals.
The Crusades ultimately failed to stifle Islamic aggression and even contributed to Christian enmity with the sacking of Constantinople during the Fourth Crusade. These two churches disagree on a number of administrative, liturgical and doctrinal issues, most notably papal primacy of jurisdiction.
However, the Catholic Church has achieved union with various smaller eastern churches. In the thirteenth century a new emphasis on Jesus' suffering, exemplified by the Franciscans' preaching, had the consequence of turning worshippers' attention towards Jews, on whom Christians had placed the blame for Jesus' death.
Christianity's limited tolerance of Jews was not new—Augustine of Hippo had said that Jews should not be allowed to enjoy the citizenship that Christians took for granted—but the growing antipathy towards Jews was a factor that led to the expulsion of Jews from England inthe first of many such expulsions in Europe.
European wars of religion The 15th-century Renaissance brought about a renewed interest in ancient and classical learning.
Another major schism, the Reformationresulted in the splintering of the Western Christendom into several branches. These challenges developed into the movement called Protestantismwhich repudiated the primacy of the popethe role of tradition, the seven sacraments and other doctrines and practices.
Beginning inthe monasteries throughout England, Wales and Ireland were dissolved. Their activity brought about the Radical Reformationwhich gave birth to various Anabaptist denominations.Sep 17, · This article explains what we know about him from history and the Gospels, presents an audio journey through Jesus's life, and explores his legacy in religion, art and cinema.
The five major milestones in the gospel narrative of the life of Jesus are his baptism, transfiguration, crucifixion, resurrection and ascension. These are usually bracketed by two other episodes: his nativity at the beginning and the sending of the Paraclete (Holy Spirit) at the end.
To wrench Jesus out of his Jewish world destroys Jesus and destroys Christianity, the religion that grew out of his teachings.
Even Jesus’ most familiar role as Christ is a Jewish role.
|On this page||A 3rd-century Greek papyrus of the Gospel of Luke Canonical gospels The four canonical gospels MatthewMarkLukeand John are the foremost sources for the life and message of Jesus. Most scholars conclude that these are written much later and are less reliable accounts than the canonical gospels.|
|BBC - Religions - Christianity: Jesus||Joan of Arc — A poor peasant girl, who at a very young age rose from obscurity to shape the course of French and European history.|
|Jesus - ReligionFacts||Christ alive … Robert Powell as Jesus of Nazareth in The historical evidence for Jesus of Nazareth is both long-established and widespread.|
|Jeremy Camp – Christ In Me||They take about an hour and a half, two hours to read out loud. They're not what we understand modern biography to be:|
|BBC - Religions - Christianity: Jesus||The figure is either one regarding the most famous man who has ever lived, or one of the best works of fiction ever created. Some 2, years later, experts are still unsure whether Jesus Christ was a real man whose myth exceeded the real thing, or whether he was a fabrication — a story designed to either make people more peaceful, or to simply control the masses.|
Jesus also figures in non-Christian religions and new religious movements. In Islam, Jesus (commonly transliterated as Isa) is considered one of God's important prophets and the Messiah. Muslims believe Jesus was a bringer of scripture and was born of a virgin, but was not the Son of God.
The "Jesus" of history isn't a complete mystery to Biblical scholars, who often make a distinction between the man and the religious figure depicted in the scriptures. Watch video · 'Jesus is a MYTH': Christ stories appeared decades after his 'death' - and he was probably many people rather than just one, atheist writer claims Atheist writer David Fitzgerald claims there is.